The majority of presidential contenders are members of two dominant political parties in America: The Republican Party and Democratic Party. These candidates have been through months of campaigning that serves, in part, as a weeding out process leading to each Party’s nominating conventions, which are usually held in July. But getting to the convention involves winning each U.S. State’s primary or caucus – in a manner determined by either the political party or state government.
A primary is run much like a general election. There are two types of primaries: open and closed. In a closed primary, voters who are members of either the Republican or Democratic Parties, must vote only for the candidate in their same party. The open primary allows Democrats to vote Republican, Republicans to vote Democrat, and any other party – Independent, Green, Libertarian – to vote for their choice. It is organized by the state’s government and voters cast a secret ballot for the candidate of their choice. Whoever receives the popular vote is the winner of the primary.
In a presidential primary, the winner is also afforded the majority of the state’s delegates to the nominating convention.
The Days to Watch
By June 6, 2020, there should be a clear winner heading to the nominating convention.