Nevada became the 36thstate of the Union on October 31, 1864. It was during the campaign to re-elect Abraham Lincoln, and the Republicans wanted the extra three electoral votes the new state would bring to the table. There wasn’t much time, so the Constitution of Nevada was telegraphed to Congress just days before the November 8 election. It was the largest and most expensive message to be sent by telegraph.
Before European settlers started exploring the area, the land was occupied by Native American tribes including the Paiute, Shoshone, and Washoe. Nevada was named after the “Sierra Nevada” mountain range, the name given to the area by Spanish explorers, which means “snowy” even though it is the driest state in the nation. In the 1700s, Spanish friar Francisco Garces was the first to explore the area until nearly a century later when Jedediah Smith, a fur trapper, made his way through what is now Las Vegas Valley in 1827 on his way to California. He mapped out his journey for others interested in the area.
- The Hoover Dam, built during President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s administration between 1931 and 1936, was dubbed the “eighth wonder of the world.” It was constructed on the Colorado River at the Arizona-Nevada border. Boulder City is a federal town, built by the government, to house the workers of the dam.
- Construction hats were invented specifically for men working on the Hoover Dam.
- In the 1950s, Nevada was a test site for nuclear weapons with more than 1,000 nuclear bombs being set off in the desert.
- Area 51 was created in a remote desert northwest of Las Vegas to test covert military projects. Some people are convinced the facility houses aliens.
- Since 1912, Nevada has voted for the winning presidential candidate 96% of the time.