The fighting between Israel and Palestine can be traced back to 1917. In that year, the British took Palestine from the Ottoman Empire and declared a “national home for the Jewish people.”
Lots of Jewish people from Europe began to migrate to the area, since they had often been persecuted in their home countries.
After World War II, the United Nations wanted Palestine to be separated into Jewish and Arab states. But in 1948, Israel declared its independence.
The battle between the two sides sides is about who gets what land. The Palestinians want to set up their own nation and refer to the land as Palestine. But Israeli Jews say the land is theirs.
When Israel declared its independence, the new nation took over more territory. Israel and Palestine have been fighting ever since.
Violence started again in May 2021. It lasted for about a week, before a ceasefire was arranged with the help of Egypt.
There have been many tries at making peace between the two peoples, but none have had lasting success.