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Western Civilization Began in Athens, Rome, and Jerusalem

Most of what it means to be western we can trace back to these three cities.

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What does it mean to live in the West? It’s more a way of thinking than a physical place in the world. The ideas that grew into Western civilization began in three cities: Athens, Rome, and Jerusalem.

Logic and Reason

When we try to make sense of the world, we use logic and reason – this means thinking about a problem without using emotions. Philosophy is another important tool we use in thinking about the world – it’s basically the study of knowledge and truth.

Ancient Greek thinkers invented these ideas and studied them. Logic and philosophy come from the Greek “logos,” meaning idea or word, and “philosophia,” meaning love of wisdom.

Later, Greece was conquered by Rome, but the Romans admired the Greeks so much that they adopted these ideas. Romans valued thinking and used the word “rationare.” This became the word reason.


The Greeks that invented democracy, and the Romans built on their idea. When the American Founding Fathers wrote the Constitution, they based it on what they learned from studying Rome and Athens.

Universal Rights

Christianity began in Jerusalem after the death of Jesus Christ. This religion brought some new ideas, including what Roman Christians called “imago Dei.” This is the idea that all humans have a divine nature because they are created in the image of God. Because of this, all people are equal in the eyes of God.

Much later, the philosophers of the 17th and 18th centuries wee inspires by “imago dei” to come up with the idea of universal rights. This started the path to ending slavery, giving people men and women equal rights, and all kinds of ideas we value today.

We find this idea of universal rights under God in the Declaration of Independence, which says: “We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights.”

Global Influence

The ideas from these three ancient cities have not only shaped the West but have changed the whole world. Science and reason brought us cars, electricity, and space travel. Christianity ended slavery across the globe and brought us universal rights. And it all began in Athens, Rome, and Jerusalem.

Onar Åm

International Correspondent at and Onar is a Norwegian author who has written extensively on politics, technology, and science. He has a mathematics and physics background and has been a technological entrepreneur for twenty years, working in areas ranging from biomass gasification and AI to 3D cameras and 3D TV. He is currently also the Editor of the alternative news site Ekte Nyheter (Authentic News) in Norway. Onar is the author of The Climate Bubble (2007) and The Art of War (2008).

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