The president of the United States is head of the Executive Branch and the most well-known official in the federal government. The president functions as the manager of the federal government. He is the boss of every agency that is a part of the Executive Branch. The president also serves as the commander in chief of the country’s armed forces.
How Presidents Are Elected
Presidents are elected through the electoral college system instead of a direct voting process. Each state carries a specific number of electoral votes based on its population. In most states, the person who wins the most votes gets all electoral votes of that state – but some states split them.
The President’s Cabinet
Each president appoints the members of his cabinet. These are individuals who head some of the most important agencies of the executive branch. These people must be confirmed by the Senate after the president nominates them.
Making Laws With Congress
Presidents can’t just make up rules and call them laws, but they do work with members of Congress to introduce new legislation. Presidents usually have a lot of influence when it comes to getting Congress to pass or drop certain bills.
The president’s role in creating law is signing bills passed by Congress – but he can also veto proposed legislation and it won’t become law. However, if each chamber gets a two-thirds majority voting for a bill, they can override the president’s veto and it will become law.
Relationships With Foreign Nations
The president is also responsible for foreign policy. Part of their duties is managing the relationship between the United States and other nations, especially when it involves treaties, agreements, and disputes. The chief executive also appoints ambassadors to other countries as well as the United Nations. That includes directing military action against other countries. But presidents can’t just start wars on their own. Only Congress can vote to officially declare war.
The American President’s Role
When the role of president was originally created, it was intended only to be a simple managerial position. It was not meant to carry the level of power presidents now wield through executive actions and the various Executive Branch agencies. Indeed, the whole federal government was never supposed to have this much impact on the lives of Americans – but as it has grown over the years, so has the presidency.