Lessons From a Dinosaur’s Rear End
All birds, amphibians, reptiles, and even a few mammals have a cloaca. A cloaca is a single opening used for passing waste and for reproduction. Researchers today know all about the modern cloaca but not so much about the dinosaur’s cloaca. But that’s all changing thanks to the discovery of one intact cloaca of a Psittacosaurus. This dog-sized dinosaur is now showing us how it lived and reproduced 120 million years ago.
One paleobiologist, Jakob Vinther, said, “It took a long while before we got around to finish it off because no one has ever cared about [this kind of research], so it was largely uncharted territory.”
With the newly found fossil of the cloaca, scientists know it is unlike any modern creature of today. They also believe that it is close in several features to the crocodilian reptile – alligators and crocodiles – and some birds.
The National Guard and the New Administration
National Guard troops were ordered to leave the Capitol on Thursday last week and told to take rest breaks during their 12-hour shifts outside. About 5,000 were sent to the Thurgood Marshall Judicial Center garage. They had to share one restroom and one electrical outlet. After being called in to protect Congress after the protests on January 6, the treatment of troops upset a lot of people.
Republican Governors Ron DeSantis of Florida, Chris Sununu of New Hampshire, and Greg Abbott of Texas all reacted to how their troops had been treated by ordering them to head home.
One Guardsman said that they felt “incredibly betrayed.”
United States Capitol Police Acting Chief Yogananda Pittman said that the Capitol Police didn’t tell the Guard to leave the Capitol except for the new president’s swearing in ceremony. After that, Pittman says they were invited back.
Here We Go Again
For the first time in U.S. history, a president will go through a second impeachment trial in the U.S. Senate. Donald Trump was impeached a second time by the House of Representatives just before his time as president ended. Since then, people have been wondering if he will have a trial. Usually a president only has an impeachment trial is he is actually in office – but Trump is no longer the president. Is it legal to hold a trial, then? Nobody can agree on that.
It looks like Congress still plans to hold the trial, anyway. What will happen next?