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The Spill: The Nanggala Mystery

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The Wave You Can’t See From the Beach

An Indonesian submarine, the Nanggala, was lost in April, causing an international search. New evidence shows it might have been sunk by an internal wave. Internal waves are gravity waves that take place below the surface of a body of water. These waves can be huge, but they only happen where there are layers of water with different densities. That can be caused by differences in temperatures or salt levels between layers of water. If an internal wave hit the Nanggala, the submarine could have been pushed below its crush depth without much warning.

Oceanographer Matthew Alford said to the press: “Internal waves are very strong and are a hazard because they sweep ocean layers (and potentially anything in them including divers or subs) downwards hundreds of meters in just a few minutes.”

The loss of the Nanggala is under investigation, and scientists will keep studying internal waves.

“My Bad” a Farmer Relocates French/Belgium Border

The border between France and Belgium was agreed upon after Napoleon Bonaparte’s defeat at Waterloo in 1815. It was formally set by the Treaty of Kortrijk in 1820. A 331-pound marker stone was used in one place as a boundary marker – but a Belgian farmer accidentally changed the border when he moved the stone!

The farmer was clearing his field for planting, and the stone was blocking his path. So, he moved it. Historians later noticed the move as they walked the border. The stone was only moved seven and a half feet, but that was enough to give Belgium some of the French village of Bousignies-sur-Roc.

Officials of both countries plan on asking the farmer to put it back. There don’t seem to be any  hard feeling or border disputes because of this, and the mayors of both the border towns – Bousignies-sur-Roc on the French side and La Voix du Nord on the Belgian side – joked around good naturedly about it. Aurélie Welonek, mayor of Bousignies-sur-Ro, joked that they “should be able to avoid a new border war.”

From the Desk of …

Donald Trump

After the January 6 protest at Capitol Hill, former President Donald Trump was banned by social media websites like  Twitter and YouTube. Facebook had temporarily banned Trump. After months of review, Facebook’s Oversight Board has decided that Trump not be allowed back on the site.

It seems Trump may have seen the result coming. He recently launched a new website where he can post messages. The website, called From the Desk of Donald J. Trump, states:

“… the Office of Donald J. Trump will strive to inform, educate, and inspire Americans from all walks of life as we seek to build a truly great American Future.”

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