The Constitution covers a lot of possible issues, but it didn’t explain what to do when a president can’t do his job. This is where the 25th Amendment comes in.
Removing the President
The 25th Amendment explains that if the president dies, resigns, is removed from office, or for some other reason can’t do the job, then the vice president becomes president. That part is clear enough, but what people usually argue about is what happens if the president is alive but still can’t do the job.
This has caused a problem because different people might have a different view on what it means to say the president can’t do the job. Does it apply if a president gets the flu and can’t get out of bed? Is it only for when a president has a mental breakdown or is physically injured?
The part of the 25th Amendment that is being debated now is Section 4, the passage that explains how the government would handle a president who is no longer able to fulfill his role but refuses to step down. If this happens, members of the president’s cabinet and the vice president would have to declare that he is “unable to discharge the powers and duties of his office.” At this point, the vice president becomes the Acting President. If the president later says that he can do his job once again, and the group agrees, he can go back to being president. If the group disagrees, then Congress votes to make the decision.
Has This Happened?
No president has ever been removed from office using the 25th Amendment. But some have suggested using it to remove President Trump because they do not believe that he is doing the job right.
The purpose of this amendment was always to give the government a way of functioning even if the president couldn’t do his job, not to give people a way to remove a president they just don’t like. Many who want to see it used against Trump argue that the president is insane and that, because of this, he isn’t capable of doing his job.