Who should run schools – the government, or other people? What is better – public schools run by the government, or private schools, run by other people?
Some people say American public schools don’t help students learn enough.
Others say public schools are only for a few people, and don’t give everyone a chance to learn. That’s because they cost more money.
The push to make sure all kids go to school started in the 1920s, due to the Smith-Towner bill. The bill pointed out the large number of Americans who couldn’t read.
Private schools run by religious groups and churches didn;t want to give complete power to the government to run schools. They formed groups to push back against anti-private school laws.
Nowadays, all American kids have to go to school, unless their parents teach them and home. Over the last few years, people have been debating the issue of public versus private schools.
Private schools are sometimes seen as unfair for people who don’t get to attend them. Religious private schools are sometimes criticized for caring too much about faith and not enough about education.
Public schools have had their own criticisms, as some say students don’t learn enough.
Families have to choose between sending kids to a public school or paying extra money for a private school. Either way, this debate is about making sure kids learn as much as they can in a good environment.