Ancient Rome became the most powerful city-state and empire in the world. The Romans learned from the Greeks, and their government was a blend of Greek ideas called Res Publica (Latin: “the people’s affair”). In modern language, we call it the republic.
Sparta’s Military Rule
The Roman Republic
Romans really liked Greek culture, and they decided that both Sparta and Athens had ideas to learn from.
Athens’ democracy on its own was too weak, while Sparta’s military culture and class society were too rigid. So, Rome took parts of both systems. They had citizenship and elections, as well as a military and judicial system.
The United States
This system sound familiar to you because the United States was founded as a republic, imitating and improving on the Roman version.