Herbert Hoover was born on August 10, 1874, in Iowa. He was the first president to be born west of the Mississippi River. His family were Quakers, followers of a form of religion that valued simplicity.
Most presidents before Hoover studied law, but Hoover got a degree in geology and became a mining engineer. When World War I started, Hoover helped 120,000 Americans stranded in Europe get home. He also coordinated food and supplies to be delivered to Belgium.
In 1928, Hoover ran as the Republican Party’s nominee for the presidential election, carrying 40 states and winning by a record margin of 444-87 electoral votes. In his inaugural address, the newly elected president said, “I have no fears for the future of our country. It is bright with hope.”
Hoover was 90 years old when he died and by that time people realized that he was not as bad as they’d thought. The depression lasted another eight years after he left the White House, despite efforts from President Franklin Roosevelt.