Harry S. Truman was the 33rd president of the United States. Truman had been vice president to Franklin Roosevelt only 82 days when Roosevelt died and he took over, inheriting World War II and all that came with it.
Truman was born on May 8, 1884, in Lamar, Missouri. At the beginning of World War I, Truman, who had served before, re-enlisted in the National Guard and was sent to France. In 1922, Truman was elected district judge in Jackson County, Missouri, and in 1926, he won the election as the county’s presiding judge. Remaining in the political field, he was then elected to the Senate in 1934.
The Truman Administration
The beginning of the Cold War started in 1946. In 1947, the president introduced the Truman Doctrine to give financial help to Greece and Turkey. The president was determined to keep communism from taking hold in the United States and Europe. He believed that poorer nations were more susceptible to communism. To prevent the spread, he started the Marshall Plan, which sent billions of dollars in aid to European nations to help stimulate their economies.
Truman did not run for another term, although he was eligible. Instead, he and his wife, Bess Truman, went home, where he wrote memoirs and raised funds for the Harry S. Truman Presidential Library, which opened in 1957. Truman passed away at the age of 88 on December 26, 1972. He was buried in the courtyard of the Truman Library.