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Democrats Gain Lawmaking Control

One political party is set to control both the White House and Congress.

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Two major questions have been settled in U.S. politics over the last week – and the answers have given the Democratic Party control of the White House and both chambers of Congress.

The final results of the November 3, 2020, general election have finally been settled, after months of uncertainty. Joe Biden, of the Democratic Party, was officially declared the next president of the United States, as Congress certified the Electoral College vote in his favor.

As for who would be in charge of Congress – we now know that will also be the Democrats.

During the 2020 election, the Democratic Party kept a majority of seats in the House of Representatives, but it was in the Senate where things got messy.

Georgia Elections and a Tie in the Senate

Before the November 3 election, the Republican Party had a majority of seats in the Senate – but they lost some, leaving them with only 50. Matters weren’t settled yet, though. Georgia’s two Senate seats were left undecided.

The Senate has 100 total seats. The end of 2020 gave Democrats (and Independents who vote with the Democrats) 48 seats, and Republicans 50 seats. The two seats for Georgia were left open, and so the country had to wait and see whether the Republicans would keep a small majority, or if the two leftover seats would go to the Democrats and cause a 50-50 tie in the Senate.

It was unclear who would control the Senate – until now.

Each state has their own election rules. The state of Georgia has a voting system where a Senate candidate has to get at least 50% of the vote – if that doesn’t happen, the state holds a “runoff election” where the two most popular candidates face-off against each other in a final vote.

January 5 saw the races of:

Republican Kelly Loeffler vs. Democrat Raphael Warnock


Republican David Perdue vs. Democrat Jon Ossoff

Both of the races were extremely close, but in the end the Democrat candidates, Warnock and Ossoff, were victorious, respectively gaining 50.9% and 50.5% of the vote.

The result leaves a 50-50 draw in the Senate.

Democrat Control of Lawmaking

Joe Biden and Kamala Harris

In the event of a tied Senate, the U.S. vice president gets to cast the tie-breaking vote, since he or she serves as the president of the Senate. With Joe Biden having won the next presidency, Kamala Harris will be the next vice president.

As Biden and Harris are Democrats, Harris will likely vote in favor of the Democrats in the Senate. Add this to the Democrat majority in the House of Representatives, and the Democratic Party will have a powerful hold over the country’s lawmaking, controlling both houses of Congress and the power of the presidential veto for at least two years, until the 2022 elections. This means they will find it very easy to pass the laws they want, without having to face much opposition.

What laws will these be? At the moment, it looks like these may involve some form of the famous Green New Deal and more restrictions on gun ownership.

One-Party Control

In recent decades, it’s been unusual for one political party win control of the White House, the House of Representatives, and the Senate. In fact, it seems that the American people like to use their vote to make sure the legislative power of government is split between the two major parties, ensuring more rigorous debate and a greater level of scrutiny of each law that passes. When one party holds complete control of lawmaking and can enact its own agenda without hindrance, it is often a time when major reforms are made that change lives across the nation.

Socio-political Correspondent at and Managing Editor of Eclectic in interests and political philosophies, Laura came to journalism after years of working as an educator. Her background as a historian has informed her research and writing styles, as well as her approach to current affairs. Born and raised in Australia, Laura currently resides in Great Britain.

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