Connecticut was one of the first 13 colonies in the New World, and it has a history full of famous events. This state was inhabited (lived in) by the Native Americans, then the Dutch, then the Puritans. With its long past of wars against slavery and for independence, the “Provision State” has its share of interesting stories.
Before Europeans came to the area, the Mohegan, Pequot, and Nipmuc peoples made the land their home. In 1614, Dutch explorer Adriaen Block became the first known explorer to land. Dutch settlers moved into the area, trading for beaver furs with the Pequot tribe.
Later, a large group of Puritans arrived. English settlers moved into the area, pushing out the Dutch. In 1662, the King of England made Connecticut an official English colony. However, Americans became unhappy with English rule. When the Revolutionary War broke out in 1775, Connecticut was one of the first colonies to join.
During the war, Connecticut gave the soldiers food, supplies, and weapons. Because of this, Washington nicknamed it the “Provision State.” After the war, Connecticut worked with the other colonies to form a government. On January 9, 1788, it approved the new U.S. Constitution and became the fifth state to join the Union.
Connecticut was at the center of the anti-slavery movement in the 1800s, before the Civil War broke out. A lot of abolitionists (people who wanted to abolish slavery) lived in the state. A famous abolitionist was John Brown, who led the raid on Harper’s Ferry. Harriet Beecher Stowe, who wrote the book Uncle Tom’s Cabin, also lived here. Connecticut outlawed slavery in 1848 and fought for the Union during the Civil War.