Andrew Jackson (1767-1845) was the seventh president of the United States. He was born on March 15, 1767, on the border of North and South Carolina. No one knows the exact location of his birth, so both states have claimed him as one of their own. Jackson saw South Carolina as his home.
As a teen, Jackson studied law. He became a prosecutor and moved to the area that would later become Tennessee. He grew rich and married Rachel (Donelson) Robards, the daughter of a local colonel.
Andrew Jackson the Soldier
During the war of 1812, Jackson fought against the Creek Indians, who were allies of the British. After winning that war, he fought and won against the British in the Battle of New Orleans in January 1815. These victories made him a national hero.
The Jackson Presidency
In 1824, Jackson ran for president. He won the popular vote, but no candidate got a majority of electoral votes. The House of Representatives had to make a choice between three candidates: Jackson, John Quincy Adams, and Secretary of the Treasury William H. Crawford. John Quincy Adams became president, which made Jackson’s supporters angry. As a result, Jackson resigned from the Senate.
Four years later, Jackson won the presidency. Jackson and his supporters formed the Democrat Party, while Jackson’s opponents were known as the Whig Party. He was a strong leader and not afraid to use his presidential veto power (the power to stop laws that Congress has passed). This earned Jackson the new nickname, “King Andrew I.”
Jackson died from heart failure on June 8, 1845, at the age of 78.